So rarely do we see a document that bridges the 1870 divide by positively linking a freed person with a surname to the final slaveholder. When we do find a document that bridges that divide, we post it to our 1870 Brick Wall page.

Here is the latest addition to that page: a rations request written by plantation owner Y. Calhoun Cain to the Freedmen’s Bureau sub-agent for Berkeley County, South Carolina. The document reveals that the final slaveholder of Freedman James Jenkins of Pinopolis was Y. Calhoun Cain’s father. Next research steps will be to learn who Y. Calhoun Cain’s father was:



Pinopolis July 11th 1867

I hereby certify that James Jenkins (Freedman) formerly belonged to my father, & since the war has been living on my place. Is an elderly man & some what feeble.

Y Calhoun Cain

Source: Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,
Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872
NARA Micropublication M1910
Roll 89, Target 1, Frame 24

If you are seeking a final slaveholder for an ancestor in South Carolina, Georgia or Florida, please be sure to bookmark our 1870 Brick Wall page and visit that page often.

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